ETHIOPIA

DECORATIONS & MEDALS

The St George Medal of War, obverse with palm (L) and reverse (R).

The St George Medal of War: instituted by Emperor Menlik II as a military decoration to reward supreme acts of valour and outstanding leadership during war. Awarded in a single class (bronze), with further awards signified by a bronze palm leaf worn on the medal ribbon.
 

The Haile Selassie I Medal of War , obverse with two palms (L) and reverse (R).

The Haile Selassie I Medal of War: instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I as a military decoration to reward gallantry and distingushed service during war. Awarded in a single class (bronze), with further awards signified by a bronze palm leaf worn on the medal ribbon.

The Menelik II Military Medal: instituted by Emperor Menelik II in 1899 as a military decoration to reward specific acts of bravery as well as distinguished military services. Awarded in two classes (1. First Class in gold, and 2. Second Class in silver). Copyright© Christopher Buyers

The Menelik II Gold Medal.

The Menelik II Medal: instituted by Emperor Menelik II in 1899 to reward meritorious military and civil services, especially by those of a rank and status not warranting admission to the orders of chivalry, non-commissioned officers and other ranks or equivalent civil grades. Awarded in two classes (1. First Class or Menelik II Gold Medal, and 2. Second Class or Menelik II Silver Medal). Copyright© Christopher Buyers

Emperor Haile Selassie I Coronation Medal 2nd class, obverse (L) reverse (R).

Emperor Haile Selassie I Coronation Medal: instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I on 30th November 1930 (or 23rd October 1923 EE) to commemorate his coronation, to reward those who attended or participated and provided personal or national services in relation to the event. Awarded in two classes (1. First Class in gold, 2. Second Class in silver). This medal is almost identical to the Haile Selassie Medal of National Service, but the ribbon is in the national colours of equal stripes in light green, golden yellow and red moire silk. Copyright© Christopher Buyers 

  

The Haile Selassie I Medal of National Service, First Class, obverse (L) and Second Class, reverse (R).

The Haile Selassie I Medal of National Service: instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I in 1932 to reward meritorious military and civil services, especially by those of a rank and status not warranting admission to the orders of chivalry, non-commissioned officers and other ranks or equivalent civil grades. Awarded in two classes (1. First Class in silver-gilt, and 2. Second Class in silvered bronze). This medal is almost identical to the Coronation Medal of 1930 but worn on a light green moire ribbon with a narrower golden yellow central stripe. Copyright© Christopher Buyers

The Medal of the Campaign (Patriot Medal) - obverse (L) and reverse (R).

The Medal of the Campaign (or the Patriot Medal): instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I on 30th November 1944 as a reward for meritorious patriots who carried on open hostilities against the enemy during the Campaign 1936-1941. Awarded in a single class (bronze), palms (torches) being awarded for each year of service and worn on the medal ribbon. Copyright© Christopher Buyers

    

The Star of Victory, Grade I for Military Personal reverse (L) and obverse (C), and Grade II for Auxiliary Personnel obverse (R).

The Victory Star (or Dil-Kokeb): instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I in 1941 to recognise servicees during the Patriotic War against the Italian occupation 1935-1941. Awarded in two grades (1. Victory Star for Military Personnel, and 2. Victory Star for Auxiliary Personnel and Medical Staff). 
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The Medal of the Patriots of the Interior (Underground Medal) - obverse (L) and reverse (R).

The Medal of the Patriots of the Interior (or the Underground Medal): instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I on 30th November 1944 as a reward for those who participated in the underground movementduring the Italian occupation 1935-1941. Awarded in a single class (bronze), palms (actually torches) being awarded for each year of service and worn on the medal ribbon. Copyright© Christopher Buyers

The Medal of the Patriot Refugees - obverse (L) and reverse (R).

The Medal of the Patriot Refugees (or the Exile Medal): instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I on 30th November 1944 as a reward for those who went into exile and participated in the liberation struggle, especially in helping exiles and diplaced persons during the Italian occupation 1935-1941. Awarded in a single class (bronze), palms (actually torches) being awarded for each year of service and worn on the medal ribbon. 

 

The Silver Jubilee Medal, obverse (L) reverse (R).

The Silver Jubilee Medal: instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I in November 1955 to commemorate the twenty-fifth anniversary of the coronation of the Emperor and Empress in 1930. Awarded in two classes (1. First Class in silver-gilt, 2. Second Class in silvered bronze).

 

The Scholarship Medal 1st class, obverse (L) and 2nd Class, reverse (R).

The Scholarship Medal: instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I on on 11th December 1959 (or 31st March 1952 EE) as a reward for distinguished and meritorious services in the fields of education, scholarship, the arts and sciences. Awarded in two classes (1. First Class in silver-gilt, and 2. Second Class in silver). Copyright© Christopher Buyers

The Memorial Medal of the Korea War. 

The Memorial Medal of the Korean War: instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I on 11th December 1959 (or 31st March 1952 EE) to recognise the services of all soldiers of the Ethiopian contingent who took part in the Korean War under the direction of the United Nations. Awarded in a single class (silver).

 

Emperor Haile Selassie I Jubilee Medal, First Class - obverse (L) and reverse (R).

Emperor Haile Selassie Jubilee Medal: instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I in 1966 to commemorate his seventy-fifth birthday and the thirty-fifth anniversary of his coronation. Awarded in two classes (1. First Class in bronze-gilt, and 2. Second Class in bronze).

The Eritrea Medal, First Class (L), Second Class (C) and Third Class (R)

The Eritrea Medal: instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I in 1952 to recognise the services of those involved in the struggle to re-unite Eritrea with the Ethiopian Fatherland. Awarded in three classes (1. First Class in silver-gilt, 2. Second Class in silver, and 3. Third Class in bronze).
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The 25th Anniversary of Victory Medal, obverse (L) and reverse (R).

The Medal for the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of the Victory of 1941: instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I in 1966 to commemorate servicees during the Patriotic War against the Italian occupation 1935-1941. Awarded in a single class, a circular silver medal.

The Haile Selassie I Military College Jubilee Medal.

Haile Selassie I Military College Jubilee Medal: instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I in 1960 to commemorate the silver jubilee of the foundation of the “Ecole Militaire Haile Selassie Ier” at Holeta on 28th January 1935. Awarded in a single class, a silver medal in the form of a crowned shield.
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The Congo Medal, obverse.

Congo Medal: instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I in 1965 as a reward for troops who took part with the Ethiopian contingent during the UN Peacekeeping Operations in the Congo 1960-1964. Awarded in a single class, a circular bronze medal. Copyright© Christopher Buyers

The Railway Medal, obverse (L) and reverse (R)

The Railway Medal: instituted by Emperor Menelik II in 1903 to commemorate the construction of the Djibouti-Addis Ababa Railway and to reward those involved in bringing the project to fruition. Subsequently conferred for services towards any construction or industrial project of national benefit or which advanced national progress and development. Awarded in a single class, a circular bronze medal.
Haile Selassie I Agricultural Medal: instituted by Emperor Haile Selassie I in 1951 to reward distinguished and meritorious services towards the promotion and development of agriculture in Ethiopia. Awarded in a single class, a circular silvered-bronze medal.
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