BANSWARA

The Sisodia Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1747 - 1786 Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharawalji Sahib Shri Prithvi Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara, younger son of Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharawalji Sahib Shri Bishan Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his elder brother, 1747. He reigned under regents for a number of years, during which Banswara invaded Sant Rampur after the death of the ruler, killed his three sons and ruled that state. Banswara released its control following the arrangement of a marriage between the Maharawal and the Sant princess. The Marathas invaded the state several times later in his reign, plundered the capital and exacted huge indemnities in treasure, money and grain. At one time, the Puar Raja of Dhar’s agent usurped supreme power, assuming control over the entire administration, and simply assigning a maintenance allowance to the ruler. He then travelled to Poona to entreat with the Peshwa directly. Although this was agreed, he ws restored to power and some of the tribute remitted, the Dhar ruler still persisted in his oppressions, even using the Peshwa’s own troops from Ujjain. m. (first) before 1753, Shrimathi Punwarnijisa Daulat Kunwar Sahiba, daughter of Maharana Shrimant Ratnabakhtsinhji Prithvisinhji Sahib, Raja of Sant Rampur. m. (second) Shrimathi Rathordijisa Maharani Sahib, the younger daughter of Raja Shreeman Jai Singhji Bahadur, Raja of Sailana. m. (third) Shrimathi Rathodijisa Maharani Anup Kunwar Sahiba, daughter of the Thakur of Amjhar, in Malwa. m. (fourth) ... m. (fifth) ... m. (sixth) ... m. (seventh) ... He d. at Banswara, 1786, having had issue, five sons and two daughters:
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1786 - 1816 H.H. Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharawalji Sahib Shri Bijay Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara, eldest son of H.H. Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharawalji Sahib Shri Prithvi Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1786. By 1792, the annual tribute to the Marathas stood aat Rs 50,000. During his reign he also had to battle several foes, Maharana Bhim Singh of Udaipur in 1794, and Raja Anandrao Puar of Dhar 1800. After 1804, the Dhar Raja’s tribute not withstanding, the state was also subject to regular plundering raids by the agents of Holkar and Scindia. He helped Maharawal Jaswant Singh of Dungarpur evict the raider Khudad Khan Sindhi in 1812, and with the help of the Bhil tribesmen battled against Holkar’s officer Ramdin who invaded Banswara in 1815 and created disturbance within the state. Weary of the Maratha menace, he approached the British authorities with a draft treaty in 1812 and offered to become their tributary in return for protection against them. However, the British Governor-General then opposed a forward policy and no action ensued. He abdicated his administrative responsibility to his eldest son and heir before 29th March 1814, retaining all the honours, status and perquisites of a ruler and head of the state. m. (first) H.H. Rathoriji Maharani Shrimati Ganga Kanwarji Sahiba, daughter of Raja Shreeman Jaswant Singhji I Bahadur, Raja of Sailana. m. (second) 1793, a daughter of the Thakur of Cherawul. He d. at Banswara, 1816, having had issue, an only son:
  • 1) Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharawalji Sahib Shri Umed Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara (s/o Ganga Kanwarji) - see below.
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1816 - 1819 H.H. Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharawalji Sahib Shri Umed Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara, only son of H.H. Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharawalji Sahib Shri Bijay Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara, by his wife, H.H. Rathoriji Maharani Shrimati Ganga Kanwarji Sahiba, educ. privately. Assumed administrative responsibility for state affairs on the transfer of powers from his father, before 29th March 1814. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1816. Harassed by the Marathas and his territories plundered by their Pindari mercenaries, he sent his vakil to conclude a treaty of protection with the British agent at Delhi, 16th September 1818 (ratified by the Marquess of Hastings, 10th October 1818). However, he repudiated his emissary after the ratification process in Calcutta. Consequently, a new treaty with substantially the same condition was quickly negotiated and concluded at Banswara, by Sir John Malcolm, 25th December 1818. Thereafter, the Maratha tributes that were payable to the Dhar state were transferred to the HEIC in return for protection. Temperamental by nature, he incurred his father’s displeasure, and was responsible for the killing of his cousin, Sardar Singh of Khandu. m. six wives. He d. at Banswara, 1819, having had issue, three sons and four daughters:
  • 1) Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharawalji Sahib Shri Bhawani Singh Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara - see below.
  • 2) Maharajkumar Shri Chandan Singhji Sahib. He d. young.
  • 3) Maharajkumar Shri Deep Singhji Sahib. He d. young.
  • 1) Maharajkumari Shrimati Baiji Lal Shri Gulab Kanwarji Sahiba. She d. young.
  • 2) Maharajkumari Shrimati Baiji Lal Shri Hem Kanwarji Sahiba. She d. young.
  • 3) Maharajkumari Shrimati Baiji Lal Shri Lal Kanwarji Sahiba.
  • 4) Maharajkumari Shrimati Baiji Lal Shri Fateh Kanwarji Sahiba.
  • One of these daughters. m. as his fourth wife, Maharajkumar Shri Umedsinhji Gambhirsinhji [Lalji Maharaj Sahib] (b. at Idar, 1797; d. of smallpox, at Idar, 17th May 1824), elder son and Heir Apparent of H.H. Shri Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shri Gambhirsinhji Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Idar. She d.s.p. after 1824 - see India (Idar).
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1819 - 1838 H.H. Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharawalji Sahib Shri Bhawani Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara. b. at Banswara, 1803, only surviving son of H.H. Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharawalji Sahib Shri Umed Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1819. His reign witnessed a return to peace and some degree of prosperity, after years of trouble and uncertainty. The population began to increase, when people who had migrated elsewhere due to the disturbances, began to return. Agricultural production began increasing and revenue collection became more stable, enabling the liquidation of accumulated arrears. m. H.H. Shrimathi Champawatji Maharani Raj Kanwar Sahiba, daughter of Thakur Bakhtawar Singh, Thakur of Auwa, under Jodhpur Marwar, by his first wife, Thakurani Udai Kanwar, daughter of Thakur Ranjit Singhji, Thakur of Chomu, under Jaipur. He d. at Banswara, 6th November 1838 (succ. by his cousin and adopted son), having had issue, an only daughter:
  • 1) Maharajkumari Shrimati Baiji Lal Shri Gulab Kanwarji Sahiba [Yuvrani Shri Gulab Kanwarji Sahiba, of Bundi]. b. at Banswara, 1826. m. at Banswara, 1854, Maharajkumar Shri Bhim Singhji, Yuvraj Sahib of Bundi (d.v.p. s.p. at Bundi, 1856), eldest son and heir apparent of H.H. Maharao Raja Sir Ram Singhji Maharaj Sahib Bahadur, Maharao Raja of Bundi, GCSI, CIE, by his third, H.H. Rathorji Maharani Shri Swarup Kunwarji Sahiba (b. at Jodhpur, 1798), second daughter of H.H. Raj Rajeshwar Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Hindustan Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shri Man Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Jodhpur Marwar – see India (Bundi).
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1838 - 1844 H.H. Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharawalji Sahib Shri Bahadur Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara. b. at Khandu, 1788, younger son of Thakur Shri Bakhtawar Singh, of Khandu, educ. privately. Adopted by his childess paternal uncle, Thakur Ram Singhji, and succeeded him in the Tejpur estates. Selected by the nobles, chiefs and ministers as successor to the gadi, following the deth of Maharawal Bhawani Singhji, his paternal first cousin, once removed. Proclaimed as ruler and ascended the gadi, at Banswara, 6th November 1838. Formally ascended the gadi, at Banswara, 27th November 1838. He d.s.p. at Banswara, 2nd February 1844, having adopted his cousin as his son an successor:
  • 1) Shriman Maharaj Raj Kumar Shri Lakshman Singhji Sahib, who succeeded as H.H. Rai Rayan Mahimahendra Maharawalji Sahib Shri Lakshman Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Naresh Rajya, Maharawal of Banswara - see below.
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BANSWARA 1 BANSWARA 2 BANSWARA 4 BANSWARA 5 MAIN
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