The families listed here belong to former ruling houses, whose territories had been annexed to the HEIC before the transfer of power to the British Crown in 1858. The more politically important members of these families were usually removed to new locations or exiled. Some descendants played prominent roles in public life, particularly those who were established in the major cities of Calcutta and Madras. They continued to enjoy rank and titles recognised by the Government of India and to receive political pensions until independence in 1947. Within a few years, the government of independent India persuaded most recipients to surrender their pensions on "patriotic grounds". Payments to the remaining individuals were either stopped or allowed to dwindle to such paultry amounts that they became worthless.
Copyright© Christopher Buyers, January 2001 - November 2016