- The Royal House
of Sawantwadi is of very ancient lineage and belongs to
the famous Bhonsle family, their ancestor being Mang
Sawant. The family became hereditary Desais of Wari (or
Wadi) near Goa, later becoming vassals of the Muslim
Sultans of Bijapur. The head of the family was granted
the hereditary title of Bahadur for his services
against the Portuguese. Khem Sawant II threw off his
allegiance to Bijapur in 1675, eleven years before it was
absorbed into the Mughal Empire. The state was
effectively independent until the advent of the Marathas
forced it into a shaky alliance. For a considerable
period, they ravaged the eastern seaboard as pirates,
until defeated and compelled to cede their seaward
territories to the HEIC in 1819. From then onwards, the
rulers of Sawantwadi embraced peaceful development and
progress, perhaps more so than any other ruling family in
that age. Advances were made in almost every area of
public life, in administration, justice and public works,
which made Sawantwadi a model state by the dawn of the
twentieth century. The state acceded to the Dominion of
India 15th August 1947, and merged into the
state of Bombay in 1948.
9-guns (11-guns local).
Paly of four or and tenne on
a pile sable a gallion argent.Crest: Mullet gules pierced argent.Supporters: Bears. Motto: "Jai
Shumbo" (Hail Shumbo=Shiva, from whom the first
Desai received his possessions). Lambrequins: Or
STYLES & TITLES:
The ruling prince: Raja Shrimant (personal name)
Sawant Bhonsle Bahadur, Sir Desai of Sawantwadi, with the
style of His Highness.
The consort of the ruling prince: Shrimant Akhand
Soubhagyavati Rani (personal name) Raje Bhonsle,
Rani of Sawantwadi, with the title of Her Highness.
The Heir Apparent: Yuvraj Shrimant (personal name)
Raje Sawant Bhonsle.
The consort of the Heir Apparent: Yuvrani Shrimant Akhand
Soubhagyavati (personal name) Raje Bhonsle.
The younger sons of the ruling prince: Rajkumar Shrimant
(personal name) Raje Sawant Bhonsle.
The daughters of the ruling prince: Rajkumari Shrimant (personal
name) Raje Bhonsle.
RULES OF SUCCESSION:
Male primogeniture, with the right of adoption by the
recognised head of the family, on the failure of natural
ORDERS & DECORATIONS:
Desai (or Desmukh): the hereditary chief officer
of a pargana.
Sawant (or samant): a chief who paid tribute to
a superior ruler.
C.U. Aitchison. A Collection of Treaties, Engagements and
Sanads Relating to India and Neighbouring Countries. Vol.
VII Containing The Treaties, &c., Relating to the
Bombay Presidency. Part II-Kutch Agency, Cambay, Surat
Agency, Jauhar, Janjira, Satara Jagirdars, Kolhapur and
Southern Maratha Country Agency, Sawantwari Savanur Nasik
Agency, Sind and Lapsed States. Revised and continued up
to the 1st June 1906 By the Authority of the Foreign
Department. Superintendent Government Printing, India.
W. Courteney and Major J.W. Auld. "Memoir of the
Sawunt Waree State", Selecttions From The Records
of The Bombay Government, No X - New Series, Bombay,
Gazeteer of the Bombay Presidency. Ratnagiri and
Savantvadi. Volume X. Government Central Press, Bombay,
Waman P. Kabadi (ed.), Indian Who's Who 1937-38,Yeshanand
& Co., Bombay, 1937.
Sir Roper Lethbridge, KCIE, The Golden Book of India.
Macmillan and Co., London, 1893.
List of Ruling Princes and Chiefs in Political Relations
with the Government of Bombay and their Leading
Officials, Nobles and Personages. Government of India
Central Publication Branch, Calcutta, 1931.
The Ruling Princes, Chiefs and Leading Personages in the
Western India States Agency, 2nd edition. Manager of
Publications, Delhi, 1935.
Who Was Who Vol. I - Vol. VIII, Adam & Charles Black,
Abhijit Malwade, Mumbai, India.
Father Lawrence Ober, SJ.
- Copyright© Christopher Buyers
- I would be
grateful to hear from anyone who may have changes,
corrections or additions to contribute. If you do, please
be kind enough to send me an e-mail using the contact
Buyers, December 2001 - August 2016