SIKKIM

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The Namgyal Dynasty

GENEALOGY

Zhal-nga Guru Tashi. A descendant of King Thrisong Detsen (755-797) of Tibet, whose son ruled as Prince (Gyalpo) of State of Minyang [Kham-My-Nyank], in Eastern Tibet. He migrated southward after seeing a divine vision prompting to him to seek his fortune in Denzong (the valley of rice). He arrived in Sikkim with his five sons, including:

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1642 - 1670  Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Phuntso Namgyal [Phun-tshogs rNam-rgyal], Chogyal of Sikkim. b. at Gangtok, 1604, son of Guru Tenzing, a descendant of Guru Tashi. Succeeded his father as leader of the Bhutias. Selected as the first Chogyal of Sikkim by the three principal Tibetan Lamas, Lhatsun Chempo, Sempa Chempo and Rigzing Chempo, who had converted Sikkim to Lamist Buddhism. Consecrated at Norbu Gang, Yoksun, ca. 1642. Received the regalia of office from the Dalai Lama of Tibet, including a silken scarf with his seal, a mitre of Guru Rimpoche, the 'phurpa' and a precious coloured sand image of the guru. The northern border of his realm touched Thang La in Tibet, Tagong La near Paro in Bhutan in the east, Titalia on the borders of West Bengal and Bihar in the south, and Timar Chorten on the Timar river in Nepal in the west. He divided his kingdom into twelve Dzongs (districts) headed by Dzongpana (governors). m. a lady from an aristocratic Tibetan family. He also declared Mahayana Buddhism as the state religion. He d.  at Yoksun, ca. 1670, having had issue, a son:
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1670 - 1700  Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Tensung Namgyal [bsTan- bSrung rNam-rgyal], Chogyal of Sikkim. b. 1644, son of Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Phuntso Namgyal [Phun-tshogs rNam-rgyal], Chogyal of Sikkim, educ. privately. Consecrated 1670. Removed his capital to Rabdanse. m. (first) Nyum-bi-enmo, from Tibet. m. (second) Deba-sam Serpa, from Tinki-jong. m. (third) Yo-yo-hang, daughter of Yong-Yong Hang, a Limbu Chief from the Arun Valley. He d. at Rabdanse Palace, 1700, having had issue, a son and a daughter:
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1700 - 1716  Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Chhagdor Namgyal [Phyag-rDor rNam-rgyal], Chogyal of Sikkim. b. 1686, son of Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Tensung Namgyal [bsTan-srung rNam-rgyal], Chogyal of Sikkim, by his second wife, Deba-sam Serpa, educ. privately. Succeeded his father 1700, educ. privately. Fled to Tibet with Yungthing Yeshe, one of his father's ministers, after the return of his half-sister. Became a novice and distinguished himself in Buddhist teachings and Tibetan poetry, literature and astrology. Appointed as State Astrologer to the 6th Dalai Lama, who granted him an estate in Lhasa with magisterial rights and other high honours. Returned to Sikkim later in life and expelled the Bhutanese invaders, but lost the South-eastern districts permanently as a result of extensive Bhutanese settlement. Built the Guru Lhakhang Tashiding ca. 1715, invented an alphabet, patronised places of worship, religious dances and mystery plays. m. Lho Gyalma, a lady from U, in Tibet. He was k. (his physician having severed a collateral artery) at the Ralang Hot Springs by the adherents of his half-sister 1716, having had issue, a son:
Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Chhagdor Namgyal, also had another son by the wife of his minister, Tasa A-phong:
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1716 - 1733  Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Gyurmed Namgyal [rGyur-Med rNam-gyal], Chogyal of Sikkim. b. 1707, son of Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Chhagdor Namgyal [Phyag-rdor rNam-rgyal], Chogyal of Sikkim, by his wife, Lho Gyalma, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father 1716. Crowned, 1717. Reigned under the regency of the Lama Jigme Pao, during his minority. m. 1721 (div.), … (d.s.p.), the youngest daughter of the Abbot of Mingdoling, in Tibet. He d. 1733, apparently without issue, but it was soon announced that a nun in Sangna Cholling was enchante with his child, who was duly born (Phuntsog Namgyal). A local governor, Chandzod Tamding, refusing to recognise the child's royal parentage, proclaimed himself Raja, and ruled for some years before he was expelled by supporters of the child Phuntsog together with Tibetan help. Phuntsog was subsequently installed as the fifth Chogyal after a Regency headed by a Tibetan envoy, Rabden Sharpa.
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1733 - 17xx interregnum under Chandzod Tamding, who refusing to recognise the royal parentage of Phuntso II Namgyal, proclaimed himself ruler. Expelled by Rabden Sharpa, an officer of the Tibetan government and the supporters of the infant prince.
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176x - 1780  Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Phuntso II Namgyal [Phun-tshogs rNam-rgyal II], Chogyal of Sikkim. b. posthumously, at Ang-nye-khi-sa, 1733, the reputed son of Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Gyurmed Namgyal ['Gyur-med rNam-gyal], Chogyal of Sikkim, by a nun in the Sanga Cholling, daughter of Neer-Gahden, of the Tak-chhungtar family, educ. at Lhasa, Tibet. Formally consecrated as Chogyal at the Yoksum Monastery. Reigned under the regency of Rabden Sharpa. Lost much territory to Nepal and Bhutan. Established his capital at Tumlong. m. (first) Angel (d.s.p.), daughter of Raden Sher-pa, the Regent. m. (second) a daughter of Deba Shamsher Khiti Phukpa. m. (third) a daughter of Pishti-Tergyen, of U, in tibet. He d. at Tumlong Palace, 1780, having had issue:
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1780 - 1793  Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Tenzing Namgyal [bsTan-'dzin rNam-rgyal], Chogyal of Sikkim. b. 1769, son of Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Phuntso II Namgyal [Phun-tshogs rNam-rgyal II], Chogyal of Sikkim, by his second wife, the daughter of Deba Shamsher Khiti Phukpa. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1780. Fled to Tibet after a Nepalese invasion, in which a large part of western Sikkim was annexed to that kingdom. m. Anyo Gyalyum, daughter of Chandzod Karwang. He d. at Lhasa, 1793, having had issue, a son:
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1793 - 1862 H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharaja Tsugphud Namgyal [gTsug-phud rNam-rgyal], Maharaja of Sikkim. b. 1785, son of Muwong Chogyal Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Tenzing Namgyal [bsTan-'dzin rNam-rgyal], Chogyal of Sikkim, by the Anyo Gyalum, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, and returned to Sikkim, 1793. Removed his capital to Tumlong. Forced to flee from Sikkim when the Nepalese invaded and annexed his territories. Restored to power by the British, under the terms of the Treaty of Titaliya 10th February 1817. Ceded the Darjeeling tract to the British, in return for an annual fee, 1835. Relations with the British deteriorated an he seized Sir Joseph Hooker and Dr Campbell, leaders of a scientific expedition under government authority. This led to a military expeditions in 1850 and 1861, resulting in the annexation of the Sikkim Terai and a portion of the hills, and the stoppage of the annual Darjeling compensation fee. Recognised by the Treaty with the British as Maharaja with the style of His Highness 28th March 1861. Thereafter he removed his capital to Sikkim from Tibet, residing there for nine months of every year. m. (first) Labrong. m. (second) a Tibetan lady, sister of the Tashi Lama. m. (third) … (she d.s.p.). m. (fourth) Tunna Dinga (d.s.p.). m. (fifth) ca. 1859, H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharani Menchi (m. second, ca. 1863, Changzed Gelong Kar-po, her husband's third son). He d. 1863, having had issue five sons and six daughters:
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1862 - 1874 H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharaja Sidkeong Namgyal [Srid-skyong rNam-rgyal] Karma Dungyal Tenzing Lhendup Nag, Maharaja of Sikkim. b. at Gangtok Fort, 1819, second son of H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharaja Tsugphud Namgyal [gTsug-phud rNam-rgyal], Maharaja of Sikkim, by his second wife, educ. privately. Appointed as Regent for his father 28th March 1861. Succeeded on the abdication of his father 1862. He secured the renewal of the annual Darjeeling fees, with further increases in 1868 and again in 1873. Granted the titles of Kyabgon Sidkeong Karma Dungyal Tenzing Lhendup Nag (protector of the Karmapa devotees, upholder of the faith, self-protector and eminent in the knowledge of Truth) and an incarnate Lama of the Karmapa sect.  m. H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharani Pending (m. second, 1874, H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharaja Thotub Namgyal - see below, she d. 1880). He d.s.p. April 1874 (succ. by his half-brother).
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continued on the next page.
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