SIKKIM

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The Namgyal Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1874 - 1914 H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharaja Sir Thutob Namgyal [mThu-stobs rNam-rgyal], Maharaja of Sikkim, KCIE (12.12.1911). b. at Chumbi, Tibet, 1860, fifth son of H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharaja Tsugphud Namgyal [gTsug-phud rNam-rgyal], Maharaja of Sikkim, by his fifth wife, H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharani Menchi, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his half brother, April 1874. Crowned at Chumbi, Tibet. Opposed by certain leading figures who regarded his disfigurement (hare-lip) as an ill omen which disqualified him from kingship. Invested with a banner, medal and ring on behalf of the Queen Empress Victoria in 1877. The Tibetans invaded Sikkim in 1886, concluded a treaty with the maharaja and constructed a fort at Lingtu. However, a British expeditionary force entered Sikkim, finally expelling them from the country following a decisive defeat on 24th September 1888. The Anglo-Chinese Tibet Sikkim Convention of 17th March 1890 fixed the border between the two countries. A British resident was appointed to Sikkim in 1889, but unable to maintain good relations with the Maharaja, the ruler fled to Tibet in 1892. Exiled from Sikkim to British India 1893-1895. Returned to Sikkim as undisputed ruler in 1895, and removed his capital from Tumlong to Gangtok. He provided a labour corps, interpreters and guides to the Younghusband Tibet Mission in 1903-1904. Invested with a banner, medal and ring on behalf of the Queen Empress Victoria in 1877. Invested with a plain coral button of the 1st rank by the Emperor of China in 1879. Granted a hereditary salute of 15-guns. Joint author of “Bras-ljongs rgyal-rabs”, or “History of the Kingdom of Sikkim” (1908). Patron Buddhist Shrines Restoration Soc Central Cttee 1906-1914, etc. Rcvd: KIH (1.1.1877) and Delhi Durbar (1.1.1903 & 11.12.1911) gold medals. m. (first) at Chumbi, Tibet, 1874, H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharani Pending (d. in childbirth, at Tumlong Palace, 1880), wdow of his half-brother H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharaja Sidkeong Namgyal. m. (second) at Lhasa, Tibet, 1883, H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharani Yeshay Dolma Lha-sdings Ye-shes sGrol-ma] (joint wife with Thinley Namgyal, Lhase Kusho, grandson of H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharaja Tsungphud Namgyal - see above, she d. 1912), exiled to British India with her husband 1893-1895, joint author of “Bras-ljongs rgyal-rabs”, or “History of the Kingdom of Sikkim” (1908), elder daughter of Shiafe Uthok, a member of the Lhading House of Lhasa. m. (third) at the Royal Chapel, Tsuk-La-Khang Monastery, Gangtok, 29th August 1912, H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharani Kesang La [G.yu thog Skal bzang lags] (d.s.p. in Tibet, after 1919), the younger sister of H.H. Sri Sri Sri Sri Sri Maharani Yeshay Dolma, and younger daughter of Shafe Uthok, a member of the Lhading House of Lhasa. He d. at the Royal Palace, Park Ridge, Gangtok, 11th February 1914, having had issue, three sons and three daughters:
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Copyright© Christopher Buyers, May 2002 - August 2015