The Yi Dynasty


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1649 - 1659 Great King [Chong-yon] Hyo-jong Ka-sang Ik-ho To-gam Ui-gwe Myon-gui Chong-dok [Son-mun T'ae-wang], King of Korea. b. 4th July 1619, as Yi Ho, second son of Great King In-jo [Hon-mun], by his first wife, Queen Han In-yol, educ. privately. Raised to the titles of Prince Pong-im (Pong-im-gun) before his accession. Surrendered as a hostage to the Manchu Emperor T'ien-Ts'ung, and carried off to Mukden 1637. Returned to Seoul 1644. Appointed as Crown Prince (Wang-se-ja) after the death of his elder brother, 1645. Succeeded on the death of his father, 17th June 1649. Granted the posthumous titles of Myon-gui (Bright Righteousness) and Chong-dok (Upright Virtue) 1740. m. Queen Chang [In-son Wang-hu] (b. 9th February 1619; d. 31st March 1674, bur. Yong-nung, Yoju), of Toksu. m. (second) Lady Yi, the Ahn-bin (b. September 1622; d. 23rd October 1693, bur. Ahnbin-myo, Kumgok). He d. 23rd June 1659 (bur. Yong-nung, Yoju), having had issue, one son and seven daughters:
* Note: Great King Hyo-jong had a son-in-law who lived to a great age, and was honoured by King Yong-jo at the age of 94 in 1746.
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1659 - 1674 Great King Hyon-jong II [So-hyu T'ae-wang], King of Korea. b. at Mukden, Manchuria, 14th March 1641, as Yi Yun, eldest son of Great King Hyo-jong [Son-mun], by his wife, Queen Chang In-son, educ. privately. Styled Grand Prince Kyong-jik (Kyong-jik T'ae-gun), before his accession. Succeeded on the death of his father, 23rd June 1659. Crowned 1660. m. 1651, Queen Kim [Myong-song Wang-hu](b. 14th June 1642; d. at the Chosung Hall, Ch'anggyong Palace, 21st January 1684, bur. Sung-nung, Yangju). He d. at the T'ae-jo-jon, Ch'angdok, Palace, Seoul, 18th September 1674 (bur. Sung-nung, Yangju), having had issue, one son and three daughters:
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1674 - 1720 H.M. Great King Suk-jong [Hyon-ui T'ae-wang], King of Korea.  b. at Kyongdok Palace, Seoul, 7th October 1661, as Yi Sun, only son of Great King Hyon-jong II [So-hyu T'ae-wang], by his wife, Queen Kim Myong-song, educ. privately. Grand Prince Myong-bo (Myong-bo T'ae-gun), before his accession. Succeeded on the death of his father, 18th September 1674. m. (first) 1675, Queen Kim [In-gyon Wang-hu] (b. 25th October 1661; d. in childbirth 16th December 1680, bur. Ik-nung, Koyang), daughter of General Kim Man-gi, cdr. of the Military Training Agency. m. (second) at Oui-dong, 1681, Queen Min [In-hyon Wang-hu] (b. at Sure-gol, 15th May 1667; d.s.p. at the Kyongch'un-jon, Ch'anggyong-won, Seoul, 16th September 1701, bur. Myong-nung, Koyang), deprived of her Royal rank and titles and banished from the Court in 1689, reinstated in 1701, daughter of H.E. Min Yu-jung, Minister for War, by his wife, Lady Song. m. (third) 1688, H.H. Princess Chang, Oksan T'ae-bin (d. by taking poison 1701, bur. Chang Huibin-myo, So-o-nung), raised to the rank of Hui-bin, later prom. to Princess Consort of Oksan (Oksan T'ae-bin), an evil woman responsible for the unjust removal of Queen In-hyon, who when her crimes were discovered and ordered to take poison, reeked revenge by mutilating her own son, the Heir Apparent, sister of General Chang Hui-jae, cdr. Seoul garrison. m. (fourth) 1693, Lady Ch'oe, the Suk-bin [Hwa-gyong Hwi-dok An-sun] (b. 6th November 1670; k. 9th March 1718, bur. Soryong-won, P'aju), raised to the posthumous titles of Hwa-gyong (harmonious reverence) in 1753, Hwi-dok (magificent virtue) and An-sun (tranquil purity) 14th March 1776. m. (fifth) at Seoul, 1712, Lady Kim (b. 8th April 1690; d.s.p. 28th September 1735, bur. Kwiin-myo, So-sam-nung, Koyang), raised to the title of Kwi-in 1710. m. (sixth) 1702, Queen Kim [In-won Wang-hu] (b. 3rd November 1687; d.s.p. 13th May 1757, bur. Myong-nung, Koyang), raised to the titles of Hye-sun (gracious decorum) by King Suk-jong Cha-gyong (affectionate reverence) by King Kyong-jong and Hon-nyol (exempalry fortune) Kwangson (brilliant manifestation) Hyo-nik (manificient succor) Kang-song (serene sagacity) Chong-dok (immaculate virtue) Su-ch'ang (long auspiciousness) Yong-bok (unending good fortune) Yung-hwa (noble influence) and Hwi-jong (exalted serenity) by King Yong-jo. m. (seventh) Lady Pak, the Myong-bin. m. (eighth) Lady Yu, the So-ui (d.s.p. 1707). He d. at the Yungbok-jon, Kyongdok Palace, Seoul, 12th July 1720 (bur. Myong-nung, Koyang), having had issue, six sons and three daughters:
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1720 - 1724 H.M. Great King Kyong-jong T'ae-wang Kukh-yul Tung-nok [Tok-mun T'ae-wang], King of Korea.  b. 20th November 1688, as Yi Kyon, eldest son of Great King Suk-jong [Hyon-ui], by his third wife, Lady Chang, the Hui-bin, educ. privately. Styled Prince Hwi-so (Hwi-so-gun), before his accession. Succeeded on the death of his father, 12th July 1720. Severely beaten and mutilated by his mother during the journey to her own execution, which left him feeble minded and impotent. m. (first) 1696, Queen Shim [Tan-ui Wang-hu] (b. 11th July 1686; d.s.p. at the Changch'un Hall, Ch'anggyong Palace, Seoul, 8th March 1718, bur. Hye-nung, Yangju), posthumously raised to the rank of Queen with the title of Tan-ui Wang-hu, daughter of Shim So, of Ch'ongsong. m. (second) 1718, Queen O [Son-ui Wang-hu] (b. 14th December 1705; d.s.p. at Chosung-jon, 12th August 1730, bur. In-nung, Kyonghee), daughter of O of Hamjong. He d.s.p. at the Hwanch'wi Hall, Ch'anggyong Palace, Seoul, 6th October 1724 (bur. In-nung, Kyonghee).
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Copyright©Christopher Buyers, August 2000 - July 2008