JOHOR

The Bendahara Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1721 - 1760 H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Sulaiman Badr ul-‘Alam Shah Khalifat ul-Muminim ibni al-Marhum Sultan ‘Abdu’l Jalil Ri’ayat Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Johor and Pahang and their dependencies. b. 11th November 1699, fifth son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan ‘Abdu’l Jalil IV Ri’ayat Shah Zillu’llah fi al-’Alam bin Dato’ Bendahara Sri Maharaja Tun Habib Ghazi, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Johor and Pahang and their dependencies, by his fourth wife, Encik Nusamah, educ. privately. Appointed as Governor of Pahang, following the rebellion against his uncle, the Yang di-Pertuan Muda 1712. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Muda before 28th December 1715. Taken captive by the Minangkabau’s together with his sister, Tengku Tengah, after they had murderd their father the Sultan. They were made servants of Raja Kechil, one to carry his kris, the other his betel box. Raised to the throne with the help of the Bugis princes after they had expelled Raja Kechil, 1721. Crowned at Riau with the tile of Paduka Sri Sultan Sulaiman Badr ul-‘Alam Shah Khalifat ul-Muminim, 4th October 1722. Thereafter shared Royal power with the Bugis. Entered into a Treaty with the Dutch at Malacca on 6th January 1756, and surrendered his nominal authority over Rembau, Sungei Ujong, Johol, Nanning and Linggi to them on 12th December 1757. m. (first) Encik Che’ Puan Perak. m. (a) Wan Mak, daughter of the Dato’ Laksamana. m. (b) Cik Sunah. He d. in Riau, 20th August 1760 (bur. Batangan), having had issue, seventeen sons and ten daughters:
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1760 - 1761 H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan ‘Abdu’l Jalil V Mu’azzam Shah Zilu’llah fil’Alam Khalifat ul-Muminin ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sulaiman Badr ul-‘Alam Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Johor and Pahang and their dependencies. b. 11th March 1738, second son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Sulaiman Badr ul-‘Alam Shah Khalifat ul-Muminim ibni al-Marhum Sultan ‘Abdu’l Jalil Ri’ayat Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Johor and Pahang and their dependencies, by his first wife, Encik Che’ Puan Perak, educ. privately. Styled Raja di-Baroh before his accession. Installed as Heir Apparent with the title of Raja Muda, October 1759. Succeeded on the death of his father, 20th August 1760. m. (first) H.H. Raja Embun binti Engku Encik Hussain. m. (second) H.H. Tengku Puteh binti Raja Chelak (d. at Batangan, Riau, February 1761, bur. there), daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Raja Chelak bin Opu Ten-ri Burang Daeng Rilaga, Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Riau, by his wife, H.H. Tengku Mandak binti al-Marhum Sultan ‘Abdu’l Jalil Ri’ayat Shah, Tengku, daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan ‘Abdu’l Jalil IV Ri’ayat Shah Zillu’llah fi al-’Alam bin Dato’ Bendahara Sri Maharaja Tun Habib Ghazi, Sultan of Johor and Pahang. He d. (poisoned by the Bugis Viceroy?) at Kuala Selangor, 29th January 1761 (bur. Batangan, Riau), having had issue, two sons:
* “Tengah” indicates that he was the middle child, and suggests that his father had at least three children, perhaps the eldest being a daughter.
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1761 - 1770 H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan ‘Ahmad I Ri’ayat Shah Zilu’llah fil’Alam Khalifat ul-Muminin ibni al-Marhum Sultan ‘Abdu’l Jalil, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Johor and Pahang and their dependencies. b. 1752, elder son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan ‘Abdu’l Jalil V Mu’azzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sulaiman Badr ul-‘Alam Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Johor and Pahang and their dependencies, by his second wife, H.H. Tengku Puteh binti Raja Chelak, third daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Raja Chelak bin Opu Ten-ri Burang Daeng Rilaga, Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Riau, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 29th January 1761. Crowned February 1761. Reigned under a Council of Regency. He d.s.p. (poisoned by the Bugis Viceroy?) at Bulang, Riau, 1770 (bur. Batangan, Riau).
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1770 - 1811 H.H. The Most Serene Prince Paduka Sri al-Wakil al-Imam Sultan Mahmud Ri’ayat Shah Zilu’llah fil’Alam Khalifat ul-Muminin ibni al-Marhum Sultan ‘Abdu’l Jalil Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Johor and Pahang and their dependencies. b. 24th March 1756, younger son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan ‘Abdu’l Jalil V Mu’azzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sulaiman Badr ul-‘Alam Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Johor and Pahang and their dependencies, by his second wife, H.H. Tengku Puteh binti Raja Chelak, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his elder brother, 1770. Concluded a treaty of protection with the VOC on 10th November 1784, in which he was accorded the style of Most Serene Prince (Doorlugtigen Vorst). Reigned under a Council of Regency until freed of this restriction by the Dutch, 7th February 1787. Established his capital at Daik. m. (first) Y.M. Encik Engku Puteh binti Dato’ Bendahara Paduka Raja Tun Abdul Majid [Tengku Teh], Encik Engku Che’ Puan (d.s.p. at Kuala Pahang, 1803, bur. there at the Royal Cemetery), daughter of Y.M. Sri Paduka Tun ‘Abdu’l Majid bin Dato’ Temenggong Sri Maharaja Tun Mutahir, Dato’ Bendahara Paduka Raja, of Pahang, by his wife, Y.M. Tun Engku Besar, daughter of Y.M. Raja Sulaiman, a Bugis Prince from Endau. m. (second) Encik Makoh binti Ja’afar (m. second, 1812, Daeng Menipi, the Salawatang, a Bugis chief of the family of To’ Petila), daughter of Encik Ja’afar, Daeng Maturang, of the family of To’ Majo, by his wife, Encik Halima, of the same family. m. (third) 1780, Encik Mariam binti Dato’ Hasan (d. at Lingga, 1831), daughter of Dato’ Bandar Hasan, a Bugis chief from Sidenreng in Sulewesi, by Encik Senai [Pitis], a Balinese slave girl. m. (fourth) at Riau, before 12th April 1804, Y.M. Raja Hamida binti Raja Haji, Tengku Putri (b. before 24th January 1764; d. at Kota Ranteng, Penyengat Island, Riau, 5th August 1844, bur. there), who retained possession of the Royal regalia and refused to surrender them for the installation of Sultan ‘Abdu’l Rahman, until forcibly wrested from her by the Dutch in 1822, daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Raja Haji bin Raja Chelak, Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Riau, by his fourth wife, Y.A.M. Raja Fatima binti Daeng Kamboja, Tengku Perak, eldest daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Daeng Kamboja bin Daeng Parani, Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Riau. He d. at Fort Tanna, Bukit Chengah, Lingga, 12th January 1811 (bur. Masjid Jami’, Daik, Lingga), without having named a successor and having had issue, two sons (by commoners) and one daughter:
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1811 – 1819 H.M. Paduka Sri Sultan ‘Abdu’l Rahman I Mu’azzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Shah Alam [al-Marhum Mangkat di-Bukit Chengah], Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Johor, Pahang and its dependencies. b. 1780, as Tengku Juma’at ‘Abdu’l Rahman, second son of H.H. Paduka Sri al-Wakil al-Imam Sultan Mahmud Ri’ayat Shah Zilu’llah fil’Alam Khalifat ul-Muminin ibni al-Marhum Sultan ‘Abdu’l Jalil Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Johor and Pahang and their dependencies, by his third wife, Encik Mariam binti Dato’ Hasan, daughter of Dato’ Bandar Hasan, a Bugis chief from Sidenreng in Sulewesi, by Senai alias Pitis, a former Balinese slave girl. Said to have been willed Lingga by his father before his death, 13th February 1804. Proclaimed there by his maternal uncles and the Yang di-Pertuan Muda, during the absence of his elder brother in Pahang, 14th January 1811. Recognised by the Dutch as the successor to Sultan Mahmud III, 1818. Concluded a Treaty of Commercial Alliance with the HEIC 19th August 1818, in which he was recognised as ruler of “Johore, Pahang, Lingga, Riau and its dependencies” and accorded the style of His Majesty. De-recognised as such by the British authorities when they were persuaded that his elder brother, Husain held the superior claim, and that ‘Abdu’l Rahman had never been formally installed, 6th January 1819. Thereafter, regarded as ruler of Lingga, Riau and its dependencies under Dutch protection. Formally installed by the Dutch authorities with the Royal regalia at Penyengat island, Riau, 27th November 1822. m. (first) H.H. Raja Antia Tik Fatima binti Raja Sulaiman [Engku Dalam] (d. 1839), elder daughter of Y.M. Encik Engku Raja Sulaiman bin Arung Lingga, by his wife, Y.M. Raja Buntit binti Raja Haji, daughter of Y.M. Paduka Sri Raja Haji bin Raja Chelak, Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Riau. m. (second) Encik Ayu Buruk (d. 1823), a Javanese commoner. m. (third) at Kuala Trengganu, 1821, Y.A.M. Tengku Suanhit binti al-Marhum Sultan Zainal-Abidin [Tengku Tik] (d. in childbirth, at Kuala Trengganu, 25th March 1822, daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Tuanku Sultan Zainal-Abidin II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Riayat, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Trengganu. He d. at Lingga, 9th August 1832 (bur. there at the Royal Cemetary, Bukit Cengah), having had issue, four sons and seven daughters – see Indonesia (Lingga).
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JOHOR 1 JOHOR 2 JOHOR 3 JOHOR 5
JOHOR 6 JOHOR 7 JOHOR 8 JOHOR 9
JOHOR 10 JOHOR 11 JOHOR 12 JOHOR 13
JOHOR 14 JOHOR 15 LINGGA PAHANG
TRENGGANU ORDERS & DECORATIONS MAIN
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