MOROCCO

The Alawi Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1822 - 1859 H.M. Sultan ‘Abu Zaid Mulay ‘Abdu’l Rahman bin Hisham, Sultan of Morocco, etc. b. at Marrakesh, 1778, eldest son of H.M. Sultan Mulay Hisham bin Muhammad, Sultan of Morocco, educ. privately. Khalifa of Essaouira, Mogador and Fez before his accession. Appointed as Heir Apparent by his father, but supplanted by his uncle, on his father’s death 11th August 1799. Proclaimed after the death of his uncle, 30th November 1822. Enthroned, 11th December 1822. Opened trade with the Eruopean powers in order to improve treasury revenues, he signed trade agreements with Britain, France, Germany, Portugal and Spain. Forced to concede preferential terms to France after they invaded the country in 1844. The British demanded equality and threatened to withdraw reconition of his government if he refused. In 1858, the Spanish invaded, withdrawing only after securing the cession of territory, a favourable trade agreement and an indemnity of 100 million pesetas. At the close of his reign, trade had brought him little revenue and his treasury was nearly empty. m. (first) H.H. Lalla Halima bint Sulaiman, daughter of his paternal uncle, H.M. Sultan Abu ar-Rabi Mulay Sulaiman bin Muhammad, Sultan of Morocco. m. (second) H.H. Lalla Ruqiya [R’kia] bint Sulaiman, daughter of his paternal uncle, H.M. Sultan Abu ar-Rabi Mulay Sulaiman bin Muhammad, Sultan of Morocco. m. (third) H.H. Lalla Fatima Zohra bint Sulaiman, daughter of his paternal uncle, H.M. Sultan Abu ar-Rabi Mulay Sulaiman bin Muhammad, Sultan of Morocco. m. (1) before 1830, Lalla Alwa bint Bahlul. m. (2) Lalla Alwa bint Al Bashir. m. (3) Lalla Najma. m. (4) Lalla Fatima Al Ahlafia. m. (5) Lalla Batoul. m. (6) ca.1839, a lady from the al-Khlouti family. m. (7) Lalla Rahma bint Yusuf, daughter of Sidi Yusuf bin ‘Ali. m. (a) Lalla Twinou. m. (b) Lalla Rahma. m. (c) Yaqut. m. (d) Lalla Mubariqa [Mbarka] Echawyia. m. (e) Lalla Safia Al Alja. m. (f) Lalla Zahra bint Ould Lahriz. He d. at Meknes, 28th August 1859 (bur. there at the Mausoleum of Mulay Ismail), having had issue, twenty-seven sons and twenty-seven daughters, including:
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