PERSIA

The Qajar Dynasty

(Etezad Mozaffar, Faroughi-Kadjar, Kadjar)

GENEALOGY

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1907 - 1909 H.I.M. Muhammad ‘Ali Shah, Shahanshah of the God protected realms of Persia. b. at the Crown Prince's Palace, Tabriz, Azerbaijan, 21st June 1872, eldest son of H.I.M. Muzaffar ud-din Shah, Shahanshah of the God protected realms of Persia, KG, by his first wife and cousin, H.H. Amirzadi Taj ul-Mulk, Umm al-Khakan, daughter of Field Marshal H.S.H. Mirza Muhammad Taqi Khan-e Farahani, Amir-i-Nizam, sometime Prime Minister, educ. privately. Granted the title of It’izad us-Sultana 1882. Proclaimed as Heir Apparent with the title of Vali Ahad, 8th June 1896. General and c-in-c Azerbaijan 1892-1896, Governor-General of Azerbaijan 1896-1907. Succeeded on the death of his father, 8th January 1907. Crowned at Tehran, 19th January 1907. Attempted to subvert the constitution but took refuge at the Russian Legation, 16th July and was deposed 17th July 1909. Went into exile in Odessa, Russia, 1909-1911. Returned to Northern Persia 17th July 1911 and attempted to regain the throne from the Council of Regency. Retired to Ashurada 10th March 1912, after the failure of his forces to win a successful military victory against the constitutional government. Retired into exile for a second time in Istanbul, Turkey 1912-1919, and finally to San Remo, Italy in 1921. Rcvd: the Imperial Orders of the Aqdas (or the Most Sacred Order), the August Imperial Portrait 1st class, the Lion and Sun 1st class (mil), and the Crown of Persia 1st class, Knt of the Orders of St Andrew the First Called, Alexander Nevski, White Eagle, St Stanislas 1st class and St Anne 1st class (all in brilliants) of Russia (23.9.1905), the Exalted Order of the House of Osman (Hanedan-i-Ali-Osman Nishani) (9.2.1895), the Exalted Order of Honour (Nishan-i-Ali-Imtiaz), and the Medals of Distinction (Imtiyaz Madalyasi) in gold, Glory (Iftikhar Madalyasi) and Merit (Liaqat Madalyasi) in gold of Turkey, GC of the Orders of Leopold of Austria (mil 1900), Legion of Honour of France in brilliants (1907), Leopold of Belgium in brilliants (mil), etc. m. (first) 1890, H.M. Rubaba Khanum, Malih us-Sultana, a lady not of Qajar descent. m. (second) at Tehran, 11th January 1894, H.M. Malika-i-Jahan Khanum, Mahd-i-’Aliya (b. at Tehran, 14th May 1877; d. at St Cloud, France, 14th November 1947, bur. Karbala, Iraq), eldest daughter of Field Marshal H.I.H. Shahzada Kamran Mirza, Amir-i-Kabir, by his wife, H.H. Shahzadi Surur ud-Daula, daughter of H.R.H. Shahzada Sultan Murad Mirza, Hisam us-Sultana. He d. at San Remo, Italy, 5th April 1924 (bur. Qajar Crypt, Shrine of Imam Al-Husain, Karbala, Iraq), having had issue, seven sons and two daughters:
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1909 - 1925 [1930] H.I.M. Sultan Ahmad Shah, Shahanshah of the God protected realms of Persia. b. at at Tabriz, Azerbaijan, 21st January 1898, third son of H.I.M. Muhammad ‘Ali Shah, Shahanshah of the God protected realms of Persia, by his second wife, H.M. Malika-i-Jahan Khanum, Mahd-i-’Aliya, eldest daughter of Field Marshal H.I.H. Shahzada Kamran Mirza, Amir-i-Kabir, educ. privately. Proclaimed as Heir Apparent with the title of Vali Ahad, 25th January 1907. Proclaimed as Shah on the deposition of his father, at the Baharistan, Tehran, 16th July 1909. Reigned under the Regency of his uncles until he came of age and assumed full ruling powers. Crowned in the Throne Hall at the Golistan Palace, Tehran, 21st July 1914. Forced to leave the country after the coup d’etat which brought Reza Khan to power, 2nd December 1923. Declared deposed by the Majlis, 31st October 1925. Rcvd:  the Imperial Orders of the Aqdas (or the Most Sacred Order), the August Imperial Portrait 1st class, the Lion and Sun 1st class (mil), and the Crown of Persia 1st class, Royal Victorian Chain (31.10.1919), Knt of the Orders of St Andrew the First Called, Alexander Nevski, White Eagle, St Stanislas 1st class, and St Anne 1st class (all in brilliants) of Russia (19.7.1914), the Exalted Order of the House of Osman (Hanedan-i-Ali-Osman Nishani) of Turkey (19.7.1914), the Collar of the Order of Muhammad ‘Ali of Egypt (1919), GC of the Orders of Leopold of Belgium (mil) (19.7.1914), Carlos III with collar of Spain (19.7.1914), Legion of Honour of France (21.7.1914), etc. m. (first) at Tehran, 1912, Dilara Khanum, a Baluchi lady. m. (second) at the Golistan Palace, Tehran, July 1913 (sep.), H.H. Shahzadi Shazdeh Khanum, Badr ul-Mulk (b. 1901), educ. Tehran Sch for Girls, daughter of H.H. Shahzada Husain Mirza Vala, Zahir us-Sultan, a descendant of H.I.H. Crown Prince Abbas Mirza. m. (third) H.H. Shahzadi Fatima Khanum, sister of Lieutenant-Colonel H.H. Shahzada Mahmud Mirza. m. (fourth) H.H. Shahzadi Lida Khanum, Afar us-Sultana (m. second, Major-General H.E. Mansur Jahanbani), eldest daughter of H.H. Shahzada Habibu’llah Mirza Jahanbani, Sardar Muntakhab. m. (fifth) H.H. Shahzadi Khanum Khanumah, daughter of Major-General H.H. Shahzada Isma’il Mirza, Mu’izz ud-Daula. m. (sixth) Fatima Khanum, daughter of Husain Minoui, by his wife, Massuma Khanum. m. (seventh) ... m. (eighth) ... He d. from renal failure, at the American Hospital, Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, 27th February 1930 (bur. Qajar Crypt, Shrine of Imam Al-Husain, Karbala, Iraq), having had issue, one son (ineligible for the succession because his mother was not a Qajar) and three daughters:
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