TUNISIA

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The Husainid Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1835 - 1837 Lieutenant-General H.H. Amir al-'Umara al-Kiram, Kabir al-Kabura al-Fiham Zulkadri ve al-Ihtiram, Sahib al-'Izzi wa al-Ihtisham, al-Muhtasu bimezidi 'Inayat al-Malik al-A'la Mustafa Pasha, Beylerbeyi of Tunis. b. August 1786, younger son of H.H. 'Abu'l 'Abdu'llah Mahmud Pasha, Beylerbeyi of Tunis, by his wife, Lalla Amina, educ. privately. Invested as Heir Apparent with the title of Bey al-Mahalla, 1824. Proclaimed on the death of his elder brother, 20th May 1835. Lt-Gen Imperial Ottoman Army 15/12/1835. Founder and Grand Master of the Order of Glory (Nishan al-Iftikhar) in 1835. Rcvd: the Order of the August Portrait (Tasvir-i Humayun Nishani), and the Order of Glory (Atiq Nishan-i-Iftikhar) of Turkey. m. (first) before 1806, Lalla Jannati Beya (b. at San Pietro, 1785; d. before 7th January 1848, née Francesca Rosso di Sofia, a Sardinian Christian slave, captured from the island of San Pietro in 1798. m. (second) Lalla Khadija [Douja]. m. (third) Lalla Khadija [Khadouja], a former slave girl. m. (fourth) Lalla Aisha (b. 22nd February 1784), née Elena Grazia Raffo, sister of Lieutenant-General H.E. (Sahib al-Maali) The Noble Don Giuseppe Maria (Raffo), 1st Count Raffo, sometime Master of the Robes, First Secretary-Interpreter, Counsellor for Foreign Affairs and Mbr of the Grand Council, and daughter of Gian-Battista Felice Raffo, a Genoese, by his wife, Marie-Anne, née Terrasson. He d. at La Goulette, 10th October 1837 (bur. Turbat al-Bey, the Madina, Tunis), having had issue, five sons (all born before 9th May 1825 and alive at that date) and five daughters, including:
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1837 - 1855 Field Marshal H.H. Destur-i-Mukarram Nizam al-Alam, Mudibir-i-Umur al-Kumhur bilfikir as-Sakib, Mutammim-i-Miham al-Inam birrey as-Sakib, Mumihid-i-Bunyan ud-Daulati wa al-Iqbal, Musayyid-i-Ikram as-Sa’adat wa al-Ijlal, al-Mahfufu bi-sunuffi ‘avatif al-Malik al-Ala ‘Abu Abbas Ahmad Pasha Idama Allahu Ti’ala Ijlalehu, Amir of the Province of Tunis. b. 2nd December 1806, eldest son of Lieutenant-General H.H. Mustafa Pasha, Bey of Tunis, by his wife, Lalla Jannati Beya, née Francesca Rosso di Sofia, educ. privately Appointed as Heir Apparent and formally invested with the title of Bey al-Mahalla and the style of His Highness, 20th May 1835. Cdr of the Nizami Corps 1835-1837. Proclaimed on the death of his father, 10th October 1837 (confirmed by the Sultan of Turkey, 8th December 1837). Invested by the Ottoman authorities with the rank of Mirmiran Pasha, at the Palace of Bardo, May 1838. Appointed as Lieut-Gen Imperial Ottoman Army 8/12/1837, prom Field Marshal (Musir-i-Mufakham) 14/8/1840. Promoted to the rank of Vizier with the style of “devletlü ‘inayetlü ‘âtifetlü ubhetlü veli ül-himem mekârimsiyem efendim hazretleri 14th August 1840. Closed the slave market in Tunis in August 1841, declared anyone born in his domains to be free in December 1842, and freed all remaining slaves in January 1846. Founded the Order of Blood Nishan ad-Dam in 1839. Instituted the National Flag of Tunisia. Sovereign and Grand Master of the Nishan al-Iftikhar. Rcvd: the Order of Glory (Atiq Nishan-i-Iftikhar) (24.12.1854), the Exalted Order of Honour (Nishan-i-Ali-Imtiaz) in brilliants (ca. 28.2.1852), and the Imperial Order of Nobility (Nishan-i-Majidi) 1st class (28.8.1854) of Turkey, GC of the Orders of the Legion of Honour in brilliants of France (13.10.1845), Carlos III of Spain, SS Maurice & Lazarus of Sardinia (1850), etc. m. as his only wife, Lalla Amina [Menana] Beya, daughter of Si Shalabi bin Shalabi, and a descendant of Husain bin ‘Ali Pasha, Bey of Tunis. He d. at Sharfiya Palace, La Goulette, 30th May 1855 (bur. Turbat al-Bey, the Madina, Tunis), probably having had issue, an only son who died in infancy.
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