TUNISIA

Copyright©Prince Rafet Bey
 

The Husainid Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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Copyright©Prince Rafet Bey1855 - 1859 Field Marshal H.H. Muhammad [M’hamad] Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis. b. before 18th September 1811, eldest son of Lieutenant-General H.H. Abu ‘Abdu’llah Husain II Pasha, Bey of Tunis, by his second wife, Lalla Fatima al-Munastiri, educ. privately. Invested as Heir Apparent with the title of Bey al-Mahalla and the style of His Highness, 10th October 1837. Regent during his brother’s absence in France and England 1846. Proclaimed on the death of his cousin, 30th May 1855. Installed at the Sharfiya Palace, La Goulette, 31st May 1855. Invested by the Ottoman authorities at the Muhammadiya Palace, Tunis, 10th June 1855. Granted the rank of Vizier, 7th August 1855. Promulgated the first Constitution (Le Pacte Fundamentale), 10th September 1857. Appointed as Maj-Gen Imperial Ottoman Army 1837, prom Lieut-Gen. x/8/1840, prom Field Marshal 7/8/1855. Founder and Grand Master of the Order of the Fundamental Pact (Nishan Ahad al-Aman) on 16th January 1859. Sovereign and Grand Master of the Nishan ad-Dam, and Nishan al-Iftikhar. Rcvd: the Order of Glory (Atiq Nishan-i-Iftikhar) 1st class (10.6.1856), the Exalted Order of Honour (Nishan-i-Ali-Imtiaz) 1st class (10.6.1856), and the Imperial Order of Nobility (Nishan-i-Majidi) 1st class (ca. 10.9.1855) of Turkey, GC of the Orders of Leopold of Austria, Legion of Honour in brilliants of France (3.1.1858), etc. m. (first) at the Baît al-Basha, the Palace of Bardo, 15th October 1826 (nikah) and before 9th January 1834 (zifaf), Lalla Janaina Beya, eldest daughter of Shaikh Muhammad bin Muhammad Bairam al-Talit, Shaikh al-Islam and Grand Mufti of the Hanifites. m. (second) 1831, Lalla Aisha [Aïcha], née Maria Sanna, sister of Benedetta-Francesca, first wife of Lieutenant-General H.E. (Sahib al-Maali) The Noble Don Giuseppe Maria (Raffo), 1st Count Raffo, sometime Master of the Robes, and daughter of Salvatore Sanna, a Christian captive originally from Castelsardo, Sardinia, by his wife, Marie-Thérèse, adopted daughter of Jean-Baptiste Bonini, and daughter of Antoine Edouard, from Besançon, Franche-Comté, France. m. (third) Lalla Janaina (d. 1892), a former slave girl from Abkhazia. m. (fourth?) Lalla Saliha [Saluha]. m. (fifth) Lalla Qamar [Kmar] (d. before 30th April 1900). He d. at La Marsa, 20th September 1859 (bur. Turbat al-Bey, the Madina, Tunis), having had issue, three sons and five daughters: Copyright©Christopher Buyers
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* The exact status of these issue remains a little uncertain. The sons do not appear in the contemporary official lists of princes or those elligible for the Beylical succession. Consequently, they and their descendants appear here without the usual princely styles and titles.
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