TUNISIA

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The Husainid Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1859 - 1882 Field Marshal H.H. Muhammad as-Sadiq [Essadok] Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis, GCB (c 1.6.1865). b. 7th February 1813, second son of Lieutenant-General H.H. 'Abu 'Abdu'llah Husain II Pasha, Beylerbeyi of Tunis, by his second wife, Lalla Fatima al-Munastiri, educ. privately. Invested as Heir Apparent with the title of Bey al-Mahalla and the style of His Highness, 10th June 1855. Proclaimed on the death of his elder brother, 20th September 1859. Installed at the Palace of Bardo, 24th September 1859. Settled the order succession by establishing hereditary succession within the Beylical house to the eldest male Prince alive at the death of the incumbent, 26th April 1861. Confirmed in the hereditary title of Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis by Imperial Ottoman Firman 24th October 1871. Sovereign and Grand Master of the Nishan al-Ahad al-Aman, Nishan ad-Dam, and Nishan al-Iftikhar. Founded the Nishan al-Ahad al-Murassa on 11th November 1874. Signed the Treaty of Bardo at Kassar Said, 12th May 1881, which established a measure of French control over the regency. Appointed as Lieut-Gen Imperial Ottoman Army 10/6/1855, prom Field Marshal 10/12/1859. Rcvd: the Orders of Glory (Atiq Nishan-i-Iftikhar) 1st class, the Osmans (Nishan-i-Osmanieh) special class in brilliants (1st class 27.4.1862), and Nobility (Nishan-i-Majidieh) special class in brilliants of Turkey (10.1.1860), Knt of the Orders of the Golden Fleece of Spain (31.10.1870), Annunziata of Italy, and the White Eagle of Russia, GC of the Orders of SS Maurice & Lazarus and the Crown of Italy, St Stephen of Hungary, Leopold of Austria, Crown od Bavaria, Zachringen Lion of Baden, Leopold of Belgium, Tower and Sword of Portugal, Vasa of Sweden (7.9.1860), Legion of Honour in brilliants of France (17.9.1860), Dannebrog of Denmark (25.6.1861), the Netherlands Lion (14.8.1861), Carlos III (1861), and Isabella the Catholic of Spain (1863), Red Eagle of Prussia 1st class (1863), St Olav of Norway (2.5.1865), St Charles of Monaco, the Redeemer of Greece, etc. m. (first) at the Baît al-Basha, the Palace of Bardo, 15th October 1826 (nikah) and before 9th January 1834 (zifaf), his maternal first cousin, only daughter of Abu'l 'Abbas Ahmad al-Munastiri, by his wife, Princess Zubaida, elder daughter of H.H. 'Abu'l 'Abdu'llah Mahmud Pasha, Bey of Tunis. m. (second) Lalla Henani (d. 1852), daughter of Si 'Ali bin Muhammad Laroussi, sometime Kaid and Presdt. Majlis al-Tijari. m. (third) a former slave girl. m. (fourth) Lalla Qamar [Kmar] Beya (m. second, 1883, H.H. 'Abu'l Hasan 'Ali III Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis. m. third, 1906, H.H. Muhammad al-Nasir Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis, GCMG, and d. at Kasr as-Sa'ada, La Marsa, 30th December 1942, bur. Sidi Belhassen Mausoleum, Jellaz), a Circassian. He d.s.p. at the Palace of Bardo, 29th October 1882 (bur. Turbat al-Bey, the Madina, Tunis).
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