The Shaikhdom was one of a number of Arab principalities in the South-Western part of Persia, known as Khuzistan or Arabistan. Located at the confluence of the Karun river and the Shatt al-Arab waterway, it maintained a semi-independent existence and entered into treaty relations with Britain and other countries. Following the coup d'etat of Reza Shah in 1921, the independence of these principalities were sharply curtailed and finally abolished in 1924. The family was closely connected with the Royal house of Kuwait.
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Mostafa Ansari. The History of Khuzistan, 1878-1925: A Study in Provincial Autonomy and Change. Unpublished D.Phil. Dissertation, Univ. of Chicago, Illinois, august 1974.
J.G. Lorimer. Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman and Central Arabia. 9 Volumes. Archive Editions, Gerrards Cross, Bucks. 1986.
Amir of Mohammerah From 17.11.1939 To 20.11.1946, Confidential File, 26/185-V, Vol. F.96, India Office Files and Records, R/15/1/388, British Library, St Pancras, London. Alan Rush. Al-Sabah: History & Genealogy of Kuwait’s Ruling Family, 1752-1987. Ithaca Press, London, 1987.
J.A. Saldanha. Persian Gulf Gazetteer. Part 1: Historical and Political Materials. Précis of Persian Arabistan Affairs. Governmet of India Foreign Dept, Simla, 1905.  India Office Files and Records, IOR/L/PS/20/C242, British Library, St Pancras, London.
William Theodore Strunk. The Reign of Sheikh Khazal ibn Jabir and the Suppression of the Principality of Arabistan: A Study in British Imperialism in Southwestern Iran, 1897-1925. Unpublished PhD thesis, Indiana Univ August 1977.
The Iraq-Iran Conflict. The Institute of Studies and Research, Editions du Monde Arabe, Paris, 1981.
File 3/8 Affairs of Shaikh Khaz’al’s Sons, 1942 – 1948, India Office Files and Records, IOR/R/15/5/178, British Library, St Pancras, London.

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Dr Morris L Bierbrier, FSA.
Hathal Hilal Saeed Khaz'al.
Sheikha Nezam Khazal.
Raheleh Ghazban.
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