IDAR

BRIEF HISTORY

The fort of Idar and the surrounding countryside were conquered by Anandsinhji and Raisinhji, sons of Maharaja Ajit Singhji of Jodhpur in 1729. The state was initially ruled jointly by the two brothers. At the death of Anandsihnji, his son and heir ruled the state jointly with his uncle until the latter's death in 1766. Maharaja Shivsinhji ruled alone thereafter, but then divided the state into separate entities in 1791. Idar proper, Ahmadnagar, Morasa, Baad (also called Bayar), and Soor, were granted to his five surviving sons. All of these petty states were gradually reunited; Morasa in 1821, Baad in 1826, and the remaining states in 1843. The last, Ahmadnagar, was reunited in 1843 when Maharaja Takht Singhji succeeded to the throne of Jodhpur, on the failure of legitimate male heirs in that family. The capital of the state  was then transferred to Ahmadnagar.

The failure of direct male heirs in 1901, without any designated successor, resulted in the Viceroy, Lord Curzon, selecting the famous Regent of Jodhpur as Maharaja. The third son of Maharaja Takht Singhji of Jodhpur and Ahmadnagar, Maharaja Sir Pratap Singhji was the best known and most popular Indian of his day. A born soldier, straight talking, efficient, with immense administrative ability, he was seen as the ideal embodiment of the Rajput prince. Ever since meeting Queen Victoria at Osborne, he had made lasting friendships with many members of her family. Not least of these was George V, who on his several trips to India always ensured that his aged friend was close at hand. He was probably the only man from whom the King would meekly take instructions, often with a wry smile as Sir Pratap ordered him to bed or wound up an engagement, shooing away mighty and distinguished folk from his presence.  Loyal all the way down to his socks, the old man gave up his throne in 1911 to return to Jodhpur as Regent to his young grand nephews. At the outbreak of war, the old warrior volunteered at once. He put on his spurs at the age of 70, took his own regiment to Europe and commanded them in France and later in the Middle East.  The regiment saw distinguished service at the taking of Haifa and the fall of Aleppo.

Although Maharaja Sir Pratap Singhji had married several times, and though he sired a stable of sons by lesser wives, made up a distinguished polo team, he failed to produce a Royal heir. He consequently adopted a nephew, Daulat Singhji, also from the Jodhpur Royal House. Very similar to his uncle in many ways, Maharaja Daulatsinhji had also earned his spurs in the Jodhpur Lancers, serving under him in the Tirah expedition, the Boxer rebellion in China and the Great War. He left no shortage of heirs, leaving the succession secure.

Maharaja Daulatsinhji's successor, Maharaja Himmatsinhji, after whom Sir Pratap had renamed the capital in 1911, was a quiet and diligent ruler. He spent most of his time looking after the interests of his subjects, though he also took a very keen interest in all matters equine. It was his sad duty to oversee the extinction of his state at partition in 1947. A year later, Idar was merged into Bombay.

Maharaja Shri Daljitsinhji succeeded his father to the titular honour in 1960. Also a keen horse racer, he had served as an instructor to the Indian airforce during the Second World War and had entered politics during the 1950's. He served as a member of the state legislatures of Bombay and Gujarat, and died in 1992. His son and successor, Maharaja Shri Rajendrasinhji, maintains the family interest in horse racing. He is prominent in Bombay racing circles, though under the more plebeian designation of Rajendra Singh Idar.

CLAN:
Rathore clan of Rajputs.

SALUTE:
15-guns.

ARMS:
Barry of six gules and argent on a pale raguly vert, argent a sun in splendour of 12 straight and 12 wavy rays, inside a man's head, turbaned, all or; a canton paly of five tenne, argent, gules, or and vert. Helmet: Or. Crest: Falcon rising proper on a wreath or and argent. Supporters: Leopards sable. Motto: "Amé Edurio Ghud Jitia" (I have captured Idar fort) sable on a riband gules. Lambrequins: gules and argent.

FLAG:
A rectangular flag of five equal horizontal stripes, pink, pale-blue, red, yellow and green (top to bottom).

STYLES & TITLES:
The ruling prince: Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shri (personal name) (father's name) Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Idar, with the style of His Highness.
The consort of the ruling prince: Maharani Shri (personal name) Sahiba, Maharani of Idar, with the style of Her Highness.
The Heir Apparent: Yuvraj Shri Maharajkumar (personal name) Singhji Sahib.
The younger sons of the ruling prince, by a Maharani, during the lifetime of their fathers: Maharajkumar Shri (personal name) Singhji Sahib.
The younger sons of the ruling prince, by a Maharani, after the death of their fathers: Maharaj Shri (personal name) Singhji Sahib.
The daughters of the ruling prince by a Maharani: Maharajkumari Baisa Shri (personal name) Sahiba.
The sons of the ruling prince by junior wives: Rao Raja Shri (personal name) Singhji Sahib.
The consort of the younger sons of the ruling prince: Rani (personal name).


SOURCES:
Administration Report of the Idar State. 1909-1943. IOR/V/10. Oriental & India Office Collection, British Library, London.
Lewis Bentham Bowring. Bowring Collection. MSS. Eur. G.38, Oriental & India Office Collection, British Library, London.
Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. Burke's Peerage Limited, London, 1900-1959.
Alexander Kinloch Forbes. Ras-Mala, Hindu Annals of Western India, with particular reference to Gujarat. Heritage Publishers. New Delhi, 1973.
Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency. Volume VIII. Kathiawar. Government of Bombay, Bombay, 1884.
Sir Walter Lawrence. Ruling Princes and Chiefs of India. A brief historical record of the Leading Princes & Chiefs in India together with a description of their territories & methods of administration. The Times of India Press, Bombay, 1930.
Dr Mahendra Singh Nagar. The Genealogical Survey: Royal House of Marwar and Other States. Maharaja Man Singh Pusak Prakash Research Centre, Jodhpur, 2004.
List of Ruling Princes and Chiefs in Political Relations with the Government of Bombay and their Leading Officials, Nobles and Personages. Government of India Central Publication Branch, Calcutta, 1931.
The Ruling Princes, Chiefs and Leading Personages in the Western India States Agency, 1st edition. Rajkot, 1928.
The Ruling Princes, Chiefs and Leading Personages in the Western India States Agency, 2nd edition. Manager of Publications, Delhi, 1935.
Thacker's Indian Directory, Thacker's Press & Directories, Ltd., Calcutta 1863-1956.
R.B. Van Wart, OBE, MA. The Life of Lieutenant-General H.H. Sir Pratap Singh, GCB, GCSI, GCVO, LLD. Oxford University Press, London, 1926.

SPECIAL ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:
Deepak Aggarwal.
Aditya Sinhji Jhala.
Y.S. Jaideepsinh of Kotharia.
Father Lawrence Ober, SJ.
Kanwar Shri Arjun Singh Rathore.
Gitanjali Singh.
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