OMAN

The Al-Busaid Dynasty

GENEALOGY

continued from previous page.
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1856 - 1866 H.H. Sayyid Thuwaini bin Sa’id, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies. b. at Muscat, before 9th October 1820, third surviving son of H.H. Sayyid Sa’id bin Sultan bin Al-Imam Ahmad bin Sa’id Al-Busaidi Al-Yemeni Al-‘Omani Al-Azdi, Sultan of Muscat, Oman and Zanzibar, by Khurshid, an Indian suri from Malabar, educ. privately. Governor of Muscat and C-in-C of the forces 1837-1856. Appointed as Heir Apparent to Muscat and Oman, 23rd July 1844, thereafter styled Prince Sayyid Thuwaini bin Sa’id Al-Sa’id with the style of His Highness. Succeeded on the death of his father, 19th October 1856. Confirmed as successor to Muscat and Oman by the terms of the Canning Award, 2nd April 1861, and thereafter styled Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies. A distinguished and successful soldier, idealised by those whom he lead into battle. m. at Muscat, before 30th April 1835, Sayyida Ghaliya bint Salim Al-Busaidi, daughter of his paternal uncle, H.H. Sayyid Salim bin Sultan bin Al-Imam Ahmad bin Sa’id Al-Busaidi Al-Yemeni Al-‘Omani Al-Azdi, Sayyid of Muscat and Oman. He was k. in his sleep by his eldest son following a dispute over the imposition of new taxes, at Sohar Fort, 14th February 1866 (bur. there), having had issue, seven sons and five daughters:
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1866 - 1868 H.H. Sayyid Salim bin Thuwaini, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies. b. at Muscat, 1839, eldest son of H.H. Sayyid Thuwaini bin Sa’id, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies, by his wife, Sayyida Ghaliya bint Salim Al-Busaidiyah, educ. privately. Proclaimed on the death of his father, 14th February 1866. Deposed and exiled to India by his cousin and brother-in-law, Sayyid Azzan, October 1868. Made a bid for the throne in 1875 but was captured and expelled to India where he was kept a prisoner at Hyderabad. m. a daughter of H.E. Sayyid Qais bin ‘Azzan Al-Busaidi, sometime Governor of Sohar and of Rustaq, a great-great-granddaughter of Imam Ahmad bin Sa’id. He d. from small-pox, at the Fort, Hyderabad, Sind, India, 7th December 1876, having had issue, two sons:
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1868 - 1871 H.H. Sayyid ‘Azzan bin Qais bin ‘Azzan Al-Busaidi, Imam of Muscat and Oman and dependencies, son of H.E. Sayyid Qais bin ‘Azzan bin Qais bin Imam Ahmad Al-Busaidi, sometime Governor of Sohar and of Rustaq, educ. privately. Governor of Rustaq in succession to his father 1861. Rebelled against Thuwaini with the help and encouragement of the Wahhabis in 1864. Expelled his cousin and brother-in-law and seized power in October 1868. He joined forces with Shaikh Sa’id bin Khalifa of Abu Dhabi, successfully vanquished the Wahabis and recovered Al-Burraimi, 18th June 1869. Proclaimed the title of Imam, 10th August 1869. Although accepted by a significant portion of the Hinawai tribe, his subsequent attempts to subdue the interior tribes alienated the Ghafiri clan, who instigated a general revolt against him in 1870. At the same time, the legitimate leader, Sayyid Turki, secured the political and financial support of his relatives in Zanzibar, as well as the British, raised an army of Baluchis and loyalist tribesmen, took up the leadership of the revolt and led it to eventual success in January 1871. m. a daughter of Shaikh Sa’id bin Khalfan Al-Khalili. He was k. in battle with Sayyid Turki, on the ramparts of Matrah, 30th January 1871, having had issue, three sons:
  • 1) Sayyid Hamud bin ‘Azzan Al-Busaidi. b. 1862 educ. privately. He killed his younger brother and took possession of Rustaq in March 1899. Yielded Rustaq to Sa’id bin Ibrahim and retired to Wadi Ma’awal in 1903. Copyright©Christopher Buyers
  • 2) Sayyid Qais bin ‘Azzan Al-Busaidi. b. 1864 educ. privately. He d. 1926.
  • 3) Sayyid Sa’ud bin ‘Azzan Al-Busaidi. b. 1867 educ. privately. Attacked but failed to take Sohar in 1895. Succeeded his uncle Ibrahim in the possession of Rustaq, after expelling his cousin Sa’id bin Ibrahim, May 1898. He was k. by his brother Hamud, at Al-Batinah Fort, Rustaq, 13th March 1899 (bur. there).
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
continued on the next page.
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
OMAN 1 OMAN 2 OMAN 3 OMAN 4 OMAN 5
OMAN 7 OMAN 8 OMAN 9 ORDERS ZANZIBAR
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
I would be grateful to hear from anyone who may have changes, corrections or additions to contribute. Please contact me at:
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
CONTACT

Copyright©Christopher Buyers, July 2001 - February 2016